This is some information I find online regarding how an non-immigrant F1 visa students at US can legally own a gun at Texas, USA.
May a nonimmigrant alien who has been admitted to the United States under a nonimmigrant visa possess a firearm or ammunition in the United States?
An alien admitted to the United States under a nonimmigrant visa is prohibited from shipping, transporting, receiving, or possessing a firearm or ammunition unless the alien falls within one of the exceptions provided in 18 U.S.C. 922(y)(2), such as: a valid hunting license or permit, admitted for lawful hunting or sporting purposes, certain official representatives of a foreign government, or a foreign law enforcement officer of a friendly foreign government entering the United States on official law enforcement business.
[18 U.S.C. 922(g)(5)(B) and 922(y)(2); 27 CFR 478.11 and 478.32]
Can an alien who enters the United States on a nonimmigrant alien visa rent a firearm for lawful hunting or sporting purposes while in the United States?
A nonimmigrant alien that possess a valid hunting license from a State within the United States or falls within any of the other exceptions or exemptions that allow nonimmigrant aliens to possess firearms may rent firearms to hunt or to use at a shooting range.
[18 U.S.C. 922(a)(5) and (9), 922(g)(5)(B) and 922(y); 27 CFR 478.99(a) and (c)(5)]
Someone send e-mail asking ATF for more information and I listed them below.
Q1: For example, one such non-immigrant alien was holding a valid hunting
license when he purchased a firearm through an FFL. But later on he didn’t
renew the hunting license when it expired and now he is not in possession of
any valid hunting license. He also does not fall in any other exceptions
stipulated under 922(y). My question is, is he now in violation of 922(g)(5)
(B) and illegally possessing the firearm he legally purchased previously?
A: The definition of a for a Hunting license or permit lawfully issued in
the United States is found in 27 CFR 478.11 (*note 1) which states, in part: A
license or permit issued by a State for hunting which is valid and unexpired
. Accordingly, the license or permit or permit must remain valid and
unexpired to possess such firearm after acquisition.
Q2: Does the definition of “possession” in 922(g)(5)(B) also include non-
immigrant alien such as foreign tourist renting/shooting firearms in a
commercial or private target range?
A: 922(g)(5)(B) pertains to only to nonimmigrant aliens admitted to the
United States on a nonimmigrant visa. It does not apply to other lawfully
admitted nonimmigrants who were not admitted on a nonimmigrant visa (i.e.,
visa waiver nonimmigrants, Canadian citizens not requiring a nonimmigrant
visa, etc.). Please see Page 2 of the March 2013 Newsletter (*note 2) which has
relevant information pertaining to rental of firearms at shooting ranges.
In addition, there may be State laws that pertain to this proposed activity.
Contact State Police units or the office of your State Attorney General (
http://www.naag.org) for information on any such requirements.
We trust the foregoing has been responsive to your inquiry. Should you have
additional questions, please contact your local ATF office. A listing of ATF
office phone numbers can be found at: https://www.atf.gov/contact/atf-field
L. Babbie | Firearms Enforcement Specialist
U.S. Department of Justice | Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and
Firearms Industry Programs Branch
99 New York Avenue NE, Mail Stop 6.N-518
Washington, DC 20226
*note 1: 27 CFR 478.11 – Meaning of Terms.
*note 2：ATF FFL Newsletter, March 2013
Steps that Texas Residents obtain a hunting license.
1. approaches to buy hunting license (https://tpwd.texas.gov/business/licenses/online_sales/ Resident Hunting (*note 3))